Eva Peron: learn more about the Argentinian icon
The incursion of María Eva Duarte de Perón into the political sphere allowed the establishment of fundamental rights for all women in Argentina. But, how far has his influence reached in the voice of various leaders and political leaders who share his legacy?
Eva Peron: her biography
Eva Duarte was born in Los Toldos, Province of Buenos Aires, on May 7, 1919. She was an actress, ventured into radio at that time until she met General Juan Domingo Perón and married him. From that moment on he was a key player and began to develop a fundamental role on the political scene. He passed away on July 26, 1952, at just 33 years old. It´s a resumed idea of the life of Eva Peron, but of course, we will talk a bit more about Eva Peron a her history.
One of her most outstanding achievements was the enactment of the women's suffrage law in 1947. On September 9 of that year, Law No. 13,010, also known as "the Evita Law," was enacted, which gave her the right and it enabled all women in Argentina to vote. This was also the first step towards the formal incorporation of women in the political sphere.
Evita's uniqueness and her empathy for the most vulnerable people made her a political leader loved by millions of her followers, especially by the 'descamisados', as the Argentine proletariat was known at that time.
When her father died, Eva's family was left unprotected. By then Juana Ibarguren had already settled with her children in Los Toldos, where she began working as a seamstress to support her children. At just 15 years old, she decided to leave her home and start her acting career in the city of Buenos Aires. After various forays into the cinema and on magazine covers, he managed to have a chance in the world of acting in radio plays.
In April 1938, at the age of 19, she headed the cast of the Compañía de Teatro del Aire along with Pascual Pelliciotta, another actor who, like her, had worked for years in supporting roles. In 1941 he worked on three films: The Burden of the Brave (La Carga de los Valientes); The Unhappiest of the Town (El mas infeliz del pueblo) with Luis Sandrini and A Bride in Trouble (Una novia en apuros), by the American John Reinhardt.
The turn in his life took place on January 22, 1944, when, in a ceremony held at the Luna Park stadium by the Ministry of Labor and Welfare, during a solidarity collection in favor of the victims of the San Juan earthquake, he met Juan Domingo Perón, twenty-four years older than her.
They were married on October 22, 1945. As husband and wife, the couple began working together in the race for the presidency. From the hand of Perón, Evita ventured into politics, became the "standard-bearer of the humble" (La abanderada de los humildes) and was the conqueror of the female vote, with a first official speech that showed her support for women's rights.
She founded the Movimiento Peronista Femenino, was an active promoter of equality for women. She created the Eva Perón Foundation at the head of which he carried out works of a social nature and became the undisputed protagonist of the history of Argentine politics. He built hospitals, homes for the elderly and single mothers, two polyclinics, schools, a Children's City. During the festivities, he distributed cider and sweet bread, helped those in need, and organized sports tournaments for children and youth.
On August 28, 1948, he published his Decalogue of the Rights of the Elderly, a pioneering initiative in the fight for the recognition of the elderly. Since then, the Day of the Aged is celebrated in the country on that date.
In 1949 Eva Perón sought to increase the political influence of women and founded the Partido Peronista Femenino (PPF), led by women, autonomous within the movement, and organized from basic female units that were opened in neighborhoods, towns, and unions. to channel the direct militancy of women.
In 1951, for the first presidential elections with universal suffrage, the labor movement proposed Evita, as the population called her, as a candidate for vice president. However, she resigned from the candidacy on August 31, a date remembered as the 'Renunciation Day', pressured by internal struggles in Peronism and society in the event that a woman supported by unionism could become vice president. She wrote two books: The reason for my life (La Razon de mi Vida) (1951) and My message (Mi Mensaje) (1952).
She received numerous recognitions and honors, including the title of Spiritual Head of the Nation (Jefa Espiritual de la Nación), the great Order of Isabel la Católica in Spain from Francisco Franco, the distinction of Woman of the Bicentennial (Mujer del Bicentenario), the Grand Cross of Honor of the Argentine Red Cross, the Distinction of the First Category Recognition of the CGT, the Great Medal for Peronist Loyalty in Extraordinary Degree and the Necklace of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín, the highest Argentine distinction. Beloved and even idolized by the working classes, it was also criticized and rejected by the more affluent classes of society.
On November 11, 1951, all Argentine women over 18 years of age voted for the first time, and Evita did so from her hospital bed.
Eva Peron: Disease and death
Evita's disease began to appear in January 1950, when she was operated on for appendicitis. There the first symptoms of the cancer that afflicted her were detected. This was reported by doctors Oscar Ivanisevich and Abel Canónico.
His last speech. On May 1, 1952, very weak due to the illness he suffered, he decided to participate in the act in Plaza de Mayo on the occasion of Worker's Day. There, he spoke to his "shirtless." In a fragment of his words, he said:
"Compañeras, compañeros: I am in the fight again, I am with you again, like yesterday, like today and tomorrow. I am with you to be a rainbow of love between the people and Perón, I am with you to be that bridge of love and happiness that I have always tried to be between you and the leader of the workers. "
Impaired health. Juan Domingo Perón himself said that one day before he died, Evita would have told him in a whisper:
"Never left the poor, Juan, they are the only ones who know how to be faithful."
Eva Peron death
How did Eva Peron die? Following uterine cancer, Evita's health weakened during the political campaign for her husband's re-election. Knowing that death was following in his footsteps, in a commemorative act on October 17, 1951, with an all-encompassing Plaza de Mayo, he delivered a speech that for many was his farewell. So, how old was Eva Peron when she died?
How old was Eva Peron when she died?
She died on July 26, 1952, at the age of 33 from uterine cancer. His remains were first veiled at the Ministry of Labor and then transferred to Congress. His body was embalmed.
Tour to learn more about Eva Peron
We developed a special tour program for schools, high schools and Universities, but also available for those interested in learn more about Eva Peron and her history. Check our tour called Evita: Don´t cry for me Argentina... here
Museo Evita: The Eva Peron Museum in Buenos Aires
A good idea is to visit the Evita Museum. In a tour of the thirteen permanent exhibition rooms in the Evita Museum, the visitor can learn the story of Eva Duarte. Her childhood, her youth as an actress, her life as a first lady with Juan Domingo Perón, her fight for women's civic rights, the social work developed at the Evita Foundation, her resignation, and her death.
There are there around 400 original pieces including suits, gala dresses, hats, his civic notebook (number 1), photos, publications and records of the time, filming, settings that recall the transit home where the Museum operates today, an Andalusian patio from 1923, a car from the old children's town, toys and one of the sewing machines donated by the Foundation.
The director of the Museum is Carlos Tonelli. The Eva Perón Historical Research Institute has a library, an auditorium with a capacity for 90 people, a bar restaurant with an independent entrance, and a souvenir shop.
The building is also great. With a great beauty and refinement. It is a petit hotel with a ground floor and two floors built by the Carabassa family in the first decade of the 20th century, and then intervened by the architect Estanislao Pirovano in recycling that combines elements of the Spanish and Italian Renaissance in its three levels and tower.
In 1948, this large house on Lafinur street in the City of Buenos Aires was acquired by the Eva Perón Social Aid Foundation to house the transit home No. 2, a place that received women from the interior of the country with health problems. work, documentation, or housing while passing through Buenos Aires.
Since 2000, the Institute that intervened in the building to install the Evita Museum has been operating there, with a master plan that respected, restored and valued those areas that gave it an identity. It was inaugurated on July 26, 2002, on the 50th anniversary of Eva's death.
The visit to the Evita Museum, is included in our Eva Peron Walking Tour in Buenos Aires!
How to learn more about Eva Peron during your trip to Buenos Aires?
Eva Peron Tours
Well, we have to great options. A Walking Tour in Buenos Aires focused in Eva Peron, the graveyard in Recoleta Cemetery and the Museo Eva Peron. Enjoy a unique Eva Peron Walking Tour in Buenos Aires with our specialized guide!
Our second option is a specially designed tour, called Don´t Cry for me Argentina including 7 nights in Buenos Aires, with different activities to learn more about Eva Peron.
For more information, just contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org